泛亚电竞在线

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台湾高校“停招”或成前车之鉴,小高校如何应对办学危机?

作者: 麦可思 于娜   

YUANWENLIANJIE: http://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/0m0WceM4Y4fdixhLLmCuPg


泛亚电竞在线 RIQIAN,TAIWANMEITIBAODAOCHENG,TAIWANSHAOZIHUAHAIXIAOLAIXI,2017XUENIANGONGYOU143GEXISUOSHENQINGTINGZHAO,56GEXISUOWANQUANTINGZHAOZOURULISHI。JINNIANLAI,ZHONGGUODEQINGSHAONIANZHANZONGRENKOUDEBILIJIJUXIAJIANG,TAIWANGAOXIAODE“ZHAOSHENGNAN”ZHUANGKUANGJIYOUKENENGCHENGWEIDALUGAOXIAO(YOUQISHIBANXUEGUIMOJIAOXIAODEGAOXIAO)DEQIANCHEZHIJIAN。DANGBANXUEWEIJIZHENDELAILINSHI,XIAOGAOXIAOYINGGAIRUHEYINGDUINI?

01
泛亚电竞在线        高校猝死

泛亚电竞在线LAIZIMEIGUOBEIKALUOLAINADE17SUINVHAIAMEILIYA•KELINTONGGUOTIQIANLUQUNADAOLEYIZHISIWEITEBULAIERXUEYUANDETONGZHISHUHE8WANMEIYUAN(YUEHERENMINBI55WANYUAN)JIANGXUEJIN。GAIXIAODECHUANGZUOXIEZUOKECHENGHEQUANGUOCHIMINGDEMASHUHUODONGSHENSHENXIYINLETA,ZAITADUGAOYISHI,TAJIUDADINGZHUYIXUANZESIWEITEBULAIERXUEYUAN。

KESHI,JIUZAIAMEILIYAXINGGAOCAILIEDIZHUNBEIZAIQIUJIRUDUSHI,TAZAIFacebookSHANGDUDAOLEYITIAOEHAO。2015NIAN3YUE4RI,SIWEITEBULAIERXUEYUANTURANXUANBU,GAIXIAOJIANGZAIBENXUEQIMOQUANMIANGUANTING。ZAIXIAOYUANJIJIANGGUANTINGDEQINGKUANGXIA,XUEXIAOJIANGWEIBENXIAOXUESHENGJIJIANPAIZHUANXUESHIYI,WEISHIQUGONGZUODEJIAOZHIGONGTIGONGBANGZHU,BINGJIANGXIAOYOUCHENGJIDANDENGJILUZHUANJIAOJIJINGGUORENZHENGDEGAODENGJIAOYUJIGOUBAOCUN。

泛亚电竞在线XIAOYUANGUANTINGDEXIAOXIBUJINYINGXIANGLEGAIXIAOSHISHENG,JIHUYINFALEMEIGUOGAODENGJIAOYUJIEDE“HAIXIAO”。ZI2008NIANQI,XIAOXINGXUEYUANDEGUANTINGYUHEBINGDUIYUYOUZHESHUQIANSUODAXUEDEMEIGUOLAISHUOJIUBUZAISHISHENMEDAXINWENLE。KESHISIWEITEBULAIERXUEYUANBINGBUSHIMODUANYUANXIAO。ZAI2015NIANMEIGUOXINWENYUSHIJIEBAODAODEQUANMEIWENLIXUEYUANPAIMINGSHANG,ZHEISUOCHENGLIYU1901NIANDENVZIXUEYUANZAI250DUOSUOXUEYUANZHONGPAIZAIDI116WEI,XUESHENGDUIGETIGUANZHUDUHEXIAOYUANSHENGHUOZHILIANGPINGFENJIGAO。QIJIAOXUEXIANGMUZHILIANGYIJINGTONGGUOLEQUYURENZHENG。GAIXIAOZUOLUOYUFUJINIYAZHOU,YONGYOU“QUANMEIZUIMEIXIAOYUAN”ZHIYIDECHENGHAO。XIAOYOURENWEISIWEITEBULAIERXUEYUANYOUYIZHONGMOLI,NENGRANGRENDIYIYANJIUAISHANGTA。

JIUSHIZHEIYANGYISUOGAOXIAO,ZAICAIWU、ZHAOSHENGHEGAIGEDENGDUOZHONGYALIXIA,ZUIZHONGNANTAOEYUN,WEIQI110DUONIANDELISHIHUASHANGLEJUHAO。XIAOHUISHANGNEIDUOHONGYANDEMEIGUIHENKUAIJIUYAODIAOXIE,SIWEITEBULAIERXUEYUANDEGUANTINGTONGZHIJIUXIANGMINGXIANGDESANGZHONG,RANGXUDUOGAOXIAOYOULETUSIHUBEIWUSHANGQILEIDEJINPOGAN。YOUSHENGLIETAI、WUJINGTIANZEDELILUNZAIGAODENGJIAOYUJIETONGYANGSHIYONG,ZHEIRANGBUSHAOXIAOXINGGAOXIAOHUANGHUANGRANDIANZIYOULV: XIAYIGEDAOBIDEHUIBUHUISHIZIJI?

GAOXIAODAGUIMOSIWANGDEQINGKUANGSHIFOUHUICHUXIAN?YIXIEDALUGAOXIAOSHANGJUEBAOFENGYULIDEHENYUANSHI,JU《TAIBEIRIBAO》BAODAO,YOUYUSHENGYUANGUIMOSUOJIAN,TAIWANJIAOYUBUMENJIHUAHEBINGHEGUANTINGBUFENGAOXIAO,YUJIDAO2023NIAN,51SUOGONGLIYUANXIAOZHONGDE12SUOHE101SUOSILIYUANXIAOZHONGDE20~40SUOJIANGBEIHEBINGHUOGUANTING。

02
      丧钟为何而鸣?

死因一: 财务状况

泛亚电竞在线2014DAO2015XUENIAN,SIWEITEBULAIERXUEYUANHUODELEZONGJI8400WANMEIYUANDEJUANZENG。ZHEIGESHUZIJIBENYU2009NIANDAO2014NIANDENIANJUNJUANZENGEDUCHIPING。YUSHIYOURENRENWEIGAIXIAODONGSHIHUIZUOCHUGUANBIXUEXIAODEJUEDINGTAIGUOZHEJI,YONG8400WANMEIYUANZAIJIANCHIYINIANHUOXUNENGYOUZHUANJI。

泛亚电竞在线KESHI,BINGDONGSANCHIFEIYIRIZHIHAN。SIWEITEBULAIERXUEYUANXIAODONGHUIZHUXIBAOER•G.LAISIZAISHENGMINGZHONGDUOCITIDAOGAIXIAOMIANDUIDEWUFAKEFUDECAIWUTIAOZHAN。JINJISHINIAN,GAIXIAOSHIZHONGWUFAZENGJIASHOURU。KAIYUANBUCHENG,JIELIUYEJIHUNANYIZUODAO。BIRUGAIXIAODETESEXIANGMUMASHUMEINIANHAOZIPODUO。NEIWAIJIAOKUNZUIZHONGZAOCHENGCAIZHENGFANGMIANWUFAJIXUWEICHIDEXIANZHUANG。

XIAOXINGXUEYUANDECAIWUWEIJIYIBUSHILINGXINGCHUXIANDEGEBIEWENTI,BUDUANJIANSHAODEJUANZHUHEZENGJIADEZHAIWURANGGAOXIAOCHUANBUGUOQILAI。ZAI2012—2013XUENIAN,MEIGUOJIAOYUBUDUI1880SUOJIARULIANBANGZHUXUEJINXIANGMUDESILIGAODENGJIAOYUJIGOUDECAIWUZERENPINGFENXIANSHI,ZONGJIYOU158SUOSILIXUEYUAN(QIZHONG108SUOWEIFEIYINGLIXINGXUEYUAN,LINGWAI50SUOWEIYINGLIXINGXUEYUAN)DEDEFENDIYUMEIGUOJIAOYUBUGUIDINGDECAIWUJIANKANGPINGFEN。JIAOYUBUANZHAOXUEYUANDEZHAIWU、ZICHAN、YUNYINGYINGYUHEKUISUNWEIMEIYISUOXUEYUANPINGFEN。ZUIZHONGDEFENSHUJIANGBEIZUOWEILIANBANGZHUXUEJINDEFAFANGCANZHAO,TONGSHICHENGWEIQUANMEISILIXUEYUANDECAIWUJIANKANGZHIBIAO。FENSHUFANWEIWEI-1DAO3FEN。HUOPINGFENSHUZAI1.5FENJIYISHANGDEXUEYUANBEIRENWEISHITONGGUOLECAIWUJIANKANGDIAOCHA。2012—2013XUENIAN,WEIDADAOBIAOZHUNDE108SUOFEIYINGLIXINGXUEYUANZHONG,CHAOGUOYIBANDEFENZAI1FENYIXIA。

死因二: 招生困境

泛亚电竞在线SIWEITEBULAIERXUEYUANXIAOZHANGXIAOZHANMUSI•F.QIONGSIBIAOSHI: “YOULIANGDAGUANJIANDEXIANSHIWENTIFANYADIANJINGZAIXIANWUFAGAIBIAN。YISHIXUANZEXIAOGUIMODE、WEIYUXIANGCUNDESILIWENLIXUEYUANDEXUESHENGRENSHUBUDUANXIAJIANG,QIZHONGYUANYIKAOLVNVXIAODENIANQINGNVXINGSHULIANGGENGSHAO;ERSHIFANYADIANJINGZAIXIANWEILEZHAOSHENGBUDEBUKUODAXUEFEIZHEKOULV,SHICAIWUZHUANGKUANGWUFAWEIXI。”GENJUSIWEITEBULAIERXUEYUANTIGONGDESHUJU,2014—2015XUENIANGAIXIAOZHUCEXUESHENGSHUWEI561REN,YU2009—2010XUENIANXIANGBIXIAJIANGLE8%。XUESHENGRENSHUDEXIAJIANGDUIXIAOXINGGAOXIAOERYANBUCHISHIYANZHONGDAJI。2009—2010XUENIAN,GAIXIAODAYIXUESHENGHUODEDEXUEFEIZHEKOUWEI48.9%,XUESHENGZONGTIHUODEDEXUEFEIZHEKOUWEI40.8%,2013—2014XUENIAN,DAYIXUESHENGHUODEDEXUEFEIZHEKOUSHANGSHENGDAO62.8%,XUESHENGZONGTIHUODEDEZHEKOUWEI57%。ZHUCERENSHUDEXIAHUA、XUEFEISHOURUDEJIANSHAOJIAZHONGLECAIWUWEIJI。

YEYOUSHENGYINZHICHU,SIWEITEBULAIERXUEYUANDENVXIAODINGWEIHUOXUYIJINGBUSHIYINGSHIDAIDEFAZHAN。19SHIJIMEIGUONVXINGGAODENGJIAOYUGANGGANGQIBUSHIYONGXIANCHUXUDUONVZIXUEYUAN,ZHUMINGDE“QIJIEMEIYUANXIAO”ZHONGDEBANADEXUEYUANHELADEKELIFUXUEYUANYIFENBIEBINGRUGELUNBIYADAXUEHEHAFODAXUE。TONGYANGWEIYUFUJINIYAZHOUDELANDAOERFU-MAIKENNVZIXUEYUANZAI2007NIANGAIMINGWEILANDAOERFUXUEYUAN,SUIHOUKAISHIZHAOSHOUNANXINGXUESHENG。JINNIANLAI,YUELAIYUEDUODENVZIXUEYUANHELANDAOERFUXUEYUANYIYANGZUOCHUTONGYANGDEXUANZE,BAITUOJINZHAOSHOUNVSHENGDESHUFU。

CHUCIZHIWAI,DILILIESHIJIAZHONGLEXUEXIAODESHENGYUANWEIJI。SIWEITEBULAIERXUEYUANXIAOZHANGCENGSHUO,RUGUOXIANGQULIXUEXIAOZUIJINDEXINGBAKEMAIYIBEIKAFEI,YAOKAICHE30FENZHONGCAINENGDAODA。TARENWEI,WEIYUXIANGCUNDEXUEXIAOZAIWEILAIZHAOSHENGJIANGYUEJIAKUNNAN。XIANGBIZHIXIA,YIXIEWEIYUCHENGSHIDEXUEYUAN,BIRUWEILIANMUSIXUEYUAN、AIMUHESITEXUEYUANHEBAODENGXUEYUANZEGENGSHOUXUESHENGHUANYING,YINWEIXUESHENGNENGGOUZAICANJIAFENGFUDUOCAIDEXIAOYUANHUODONGDETONGSHIGUANZHUCHENGSHIZHONGDEGONGZUOJIHUI。

03
泛亚电竞在线       逆境求生

SIWEITEBULAIERXUEYUANJIUZHEIYANGSIQU。QIJIEMEIYUANXIAOZHIYIDEWASAXUEYUANXIAOZHANGKAISELIN•BANGDE•XIERRENWEI,ZHENGZAIWEIJIZHONGZHENGZHADEXIAOXINGGAOXIAOBIXUZAIBEIPOGUANMENZHIQIANXIANGBANFAGAIBIAN。“WOXIWANGTAMENNENGGOUXIANGCHUBANFA,ZHEIHUOXUHUIBAOKUOYUTAMENZHIQIANZUOSHIDEFANGSHIWANQUANBUTONGDEJUDAZHUANBIAN……WOXIWANGTAMENYIJINGCHANGSHIBINGCHUANGZAOXINGDIJIEJUEWENTI。”GUANLIYISUOXIAOXINGGAOXIAOBINGBUSHIJIANDANDEGONGZUO,DANSHIWEISHUBUSHAODEXIAOGAOXIAOCHENGGONGDIZAISISHAZHONGCUNHUOXIALAI,ZAIZOUJINXIAOHEIWUHOUZAOKAIQIANGBIHUODEYANGGUANG,SHENZHIJIEJIKAIZHISANYE,ZHUOZHUANGCHENGZHANGLEQILAI。TAMENSHIRUHENIJINGQIUSHENGDE?

WEIYUDEKESASIDEAOSITINGXUEYUANXUANZEPOFUCHENZHOU。LAIDAOGAIXIAOXINJIANDEKEXUELOUDINGSHI,XIAOYUANCANGUANZHEHUIJINGYADIKANDAOYIJIAJUDADETIANWENWANGYUANJING,TOUGUOMUJINGGUANCHADAOYOUQIZIMEIXINGTUANZHICHENGDEMAOSUXINGTUAN。WULIXUEHEXIJUXUESHUANGXIUXUESHENGAIMI•ANDESENWEICANGUANXUESHENGJIESHAOLEMAOSUXINGTUANDEBEIJINGHECHUANSHUOHOU,WULIXUEZHULIJIAOSHOUDAWEI•WEILANJIESHAOQIXINGYUNDUIYUZHOUDEYIYILAI。XUEXIAOZHONGJINGOURUDETIANWENWANGYUANJINGJIAZHI100WANMEIYUAN,WEILANJIAOSHOURENWEIWANGYUANJINGZAIYANJIUHEJIAOXUEZHONGJIAZHIJIGAO。ZHEIJIAWANGYUANJINGHAIYOULINGYIGEQIANZAIZUOYONG: ZHAOSHENG。MEIYICIXIAOYUANYOULANDEBIKAN“JINGDIAN”JIUSHIWANGYUANJING,HAOBUYIWAIDIRANGCANGUANXUESHENGLIUXIAYIPIANXIANMUDEZANTANSHENG。

注:
泛亚电竞在线 麦可思对中国部分高校2015级新生调查显示,仅有6%的本科和高职高专新生通过在大学校园举行的招生咨询活动选择志愿高校,主要信息渠道仍以“招生手册(简章)”(本科: 71%,高职高专: 69%)、“大学招生网站”(本科: 45%,高职高专: 39%)为主。


泛亚电竞在线2009NIAN,MAQIAOLI•HANSILINWEISHOUMINGCHENGWEIGAIXIAOXIAOZHANG。TAFAXIANJINGJIWEIJIZAOCHENGLE2700WANMEIYUANDESUNSHI,JIAOSHIGONGZIBEIDONGJIE、FULIBEIXUEJIAN、JUANZENGXIAJIANGDENG。AOSITINGXUEYUANSHIBEIZHONGDUOBAOSHOUJINGJIWENTICUICANDEGAOXIAODEDAIBIAO。ZHEIXIEXUEXIAOZHUJIANFAXIAN,TAMENBIXUZHUNQUEMINGANDIBAWOXUESHENGBUDUANBIANHUADEXIANGFAHEJIAZHANGDEXUQIU,LINGHUODIMANZUSHICHANGXUYAO。CONGZHANGQIKANLAI,YAOXIANGSHICAIWUZHUANGKUANGPINGWEN,JIUYAOKUODAZHAOSHENGGUIMO。

YUSHI,HANSIXIAOZHANGHEDONGSHIHUIJUEDINGBINGXINGXIANZHAO,CAIQUGENGJIJINDECELVE。TIANWENWANGYUANJINGHEHUAFEI4000WANJIANQIDEKEXUELOUSHIAOSITINGXUEYUANTOUXIADEFANSHENDUZHUZHIYI。CHUCIZHIWAI,GAIXIAOHAIYONGYINIANSHIJIANXINGJIANLEGONGYIERNIANJIXUESHENGJUZHUDEXINSUSHEHEGONGSANSINIANJIXUESHENGJUZHUDELIANDONGFUSHIBIESHU,ZENGJIALEJIN200GECHUANGWEI。QIZHONG,24ZUOLIANDONGBIESHUDETIAOJIANKEWEISHEHUA。MEIZUOBIESHUNEIYONGYOUSIJIANWOSHI、SIGEWEISHENGJIANHEYIGEQIJUSHI。XUESHENGKEYISHIYONGKAIKUODECHUFANG、XIWANJIHEHONGGANJI。BIESHUHOUHAIYOUKUANCHANGDETINGYUANHEKEGONGXIUQIDEYOULANG,JIANZHIHEJIALIYIYANGSHUSHI。

AOSITINGXUEYUANZAIFAXIANZIJINANYIZAIBENZHOUHEPAIMINGQUANMEIQIANLIEDEDEKESASIDAXUEXITONGDEJINGZHENGZHONGFENDEYIBEIGENGHOU,TAKAISHIGUANZHUQIZHUYAOSHENGYUAN——ZHONGCHANJIEJIJIATINGDEQINGKUANG。“YOUJIAZHANGYANHANRELEIDISHUO,‘WORENWEIZHEISHISHIHEWONVERDEXUEXIAO’,HENDUOSHIHOUFANYADIANJINGZAIXIANBUDEBUSHUO‘NISHUODEHENDUI,DANFANYADIANJINGZAIXIANDEZHUXUEJINMEIBANFAYANSHENDAONEIMEDUORENSHENSHANG’。”HANSIXIAOZHANGRUCIJIESHIZHEZHAOSHENGKUNHUO。YUSHIGAIXIAOMUQIANGAIBIANCELVE,JIANGDIYUANYOUDE48000MEIYUANXUEFEIZHIZHONGCHANJIEJIJIATINGNENGGOUCHENGSHOUDESHUZI,XIANGYINGDIJIANSHAOLEZHUXUEJINE。

AOSITINGXUEYUANDEHAODUWEIXUEXIAOYINGDELEXINJIYU。JINXINJIANDESUSHEJIUWEIXUEXIAOMEINIANDAILAI50WANMEIYUANDEEWAISHOURU。XIANZAI,GAIXIAOYONGYOU1300DUORENDEZHUCERENSHU,YONGYOU1.36YIMEIYUANDEJUANZENG,BITONGGUIMOYUANXIAOHUODEDEJUANZHUSHUGAOCHUXUDUO。

泛亚电竞在线30NIANQIAN,WEIYUHUASHENGDUNTEQUDENVZIXUEYUANSHENGSANYIXUEYUANXIANRULEHESIWEITEBULAIERXUEYUANTONGYANGDEGANGAJINGDI——QIONGKUNJIAOJIA,NANYIXIYINLAIZIFUYURENJIADEQIANZAISHENGYUAN。DANGAIXIAOJISHIGAIBIANLECELVE,JIANGMUBIAOSHENGYUANDIAOZHENGWEIFEIYIHELAMEIYIDECHUYUJINGJILIESHIDEJIATINGDENVSHENG。30NIANHOU,SHENGSANYIXUEYUANWENDINGDIFAZHANZHE——RUJIN,GAIXIAOCHENGWEIHUASHENGDUNSHENGSANYIDAXUE,YOUWUGEXUEYUANGOUCHENG,XUESHENGGUIMOCHAOGUO2200REN,YIZUOXINDEKEXUEJISHULOUZHENGZAIXINGJIAN。

泛亚电竞在线YIJINGZAIGAIXIAOXIAOZHANGDEWEIZHISHANGZUOLEJIN30NIANDEPATELIXIA•A.MAKUIERHUIYIQIDANGNIANZUOCHUDEJUEDING,SHUODAO: “NEISHIWOBIXUCHENGDANFENGXIAN,QUJIESHOUSHISHI——JISHIFANYADIANJINGZAIXIANZHENGZAIDASUANCAIQUDADANDESHANGYEMOSHI,FANYADIANJINGZAIXIANYIRANXUYAONONGDONGFANYADIANJINGZAIXIANWEILAIDESHICHANGDAODIZAIHEFANG。”

泛亚电竞在线MUQIAN,YIXIEZHONGGUOGAOXIAOYEKAISHIXIANRUQUEREN、QUEQIANDEWEIJI。SHANGSHIJI90NIANDAIMO,BANSUIZHEKUOZHAO,XUDUOGAOXIAOCAIQU“DUIWAIJIEDAI、JUZHAIFAZHAN”DEFANGSHI,ZAIRUANYINGJIANHUANJINGJIANSHEDENGFANGMIANJINXINGDAGUIMOTOURU。SUIDUIGAOXIAOFAZHANQIDAOJIJITUIDONGZUOYONG,KESUIZHEDAIKUANDAOQI,YIXIEGAOXIAOBEIZHAIWUTUORUNITAN。(《ZHONGGUOCAIJINGBAO》,2013-05-24)2010NIAN11YUE,CAIZHENGBU、JIAOYUBULIANHEYINFA《GUANYUJIANQINGDIFANGGAOXIAOZHAIWUFUDANHUAJIEGAOXIAOZHAIWUFENGXIANDEYIJIAN》,MINGQUEZHICHU2010NIANZHI2012NIAN,ZHONGYANGCAIZHENGJIANGZAISUODINGJIEZHI2009NIANDIDIFANGGAOXIAODAIKUANYUEDEJICHUSHANG,CAIQUZHUANXIANGZIJINJIANGLIDEXINGSHI,DUIYOUXIAOHUAJIEGAOXIAOZHAIWUDESHENGFENJIYUZHICHI。CHUCIZHIWAI,GAOKAOBAOKAOLINGTOUDANGDENGXINXIYEKAISHIJIANZHUBAODAO,YUSHISHENGYUANWEIJIDEYINMAI。

2015NIAN3YUE22RI,ZAI“ZHONGGUOFAZHANGAOCENGLUNTAN2015”NIANHUISHANG,SHIRENCAIZHENGBUBUZHANGLOUJIWEIBIAOSHI,GUOJIAJIGUONEIGAOXIAODEZIYUANTAIDUO,YINGGAIJIANGZHEIXIEZIYUANGENGDUOZHUANBIANWEIJIANGXUEJINHEZHUXUEJIN,RANGPINXUEJIANYOUDEPINKUDERENNENGGOUSHANGXUE,ERGAOXIAOBENSHENYAOGENGDUOZIZHUDITIGAORONGZINENGLI(RENMINWANG,2014-03-22)。ZHEISHUOMING,GAOXIAOYINGGAIBIANYIWANGZHIXIANGZHENGFUSHENSHOUYAOQIANDEMOSHI,YAORUHEYIKAOZIJIHUODEGENGDUOZIJINYEXUSHIGAOXIAOJIJIANGMIANLINDEWENTI。

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